Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 45(4): 393-401, doi: 10.3750/AIP2015.45.4.07
Eugerres castroaguirrei González-Acosta et Rodiles-Hernández, 2013 is a junior synonym of Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner, 1863) (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Gerreidae)
expand article infoA. Martínez-Guevara, F.J. García-Rodríguez, V.M. Cota-Gómez, R.E. Hernández-Gómez, M.A. Perera-García, J. De La Cruz-Agüero
Open Access
Background. The Lacandon mojarra, Eugerres castroaguirrei González-Acosta et Rodiles-Hernández, 2013, was described from the Grijalva–Usumacinta River basin (Mexico). According to the diagnosis E. castroaguirrei differs from the only other freshwater Gerreidae, the Mexican mojarra, Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner, 1863) by the combination of certain morphological characters. However, a comparison of materials obtained in the Usumacinta River, besides of type materials and other preserved specimens, yielded contradictory results. Therefore, the objective of this paper was to clearly determine if E. mexicanus and E. castroaguirrei are subjective synonyms applying morphological and molecular analyses. Materials and methods. A total of 44 specimens were included in this study including the specimens collected specifically for this study, the type and non-type materials of Eugerres castroaguirrei  from Colección de Peces de El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad San Cristóbal, Chiapas, México, and the types of Eugerres mexicanus, belonging to the Museum of Natural History, Wien, Austria. The morphological comparison also included data from the 42 specimens of E. castroaguirrei reported in the new species description. Biometric data were analysed as body proportions. We used Friedman’s test to compare our biological materials with those used in the new species description. Molecular genetics comparisons on both putative freshwater gerreid species were made based on three mitochondrial gene fragments: 12SrRNA, 16SrRNA, and Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I (COI), and the nuclear gene: Recombination-Activating protein 1 (RAG1). Results. Neither the non-parametric Friedman’s test nor the Nemenyi’s procedure showed differences among individuals for both putative species in multiple pair-wise comparisons of body proportions. Moreover, the genetic divergence from all genes indicated that all individuals exhibited almost identical sequences, with inter-specific pair-wise genetic distances that ranged from 0.00% to 0.100% in all of the fragments. Conclusion. Our morphological and molecular genetics analyses demonstrated that E. mexicanus and E. castroaguirrei are subjective synonyms, therefore, Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner, 1863) must be considered a valid species name, and Eugerres castroaguirrei González-Acosta et Rodiles-Hernández, 2013 a junior synonym.
Mexican mojarra, taxonomy, synonymy, morphology, molecular genetics