Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 49(4): 373-380, doi: 10.3750/AIEP/02623
Stock assessment of Prochilodus nigricans (Actinopterygii: Characiformes: Prochilodontidae) using two distinct algorithms, in the context of a small-scale Amazonian fishery
expand article infoM.F. Catarino, J.R. Kahn, C.E.C. Freitas
Open Access
Background. Despite the importance of inland fishery, assessments of exploited inland stocks have relied on data-deficient databases, mainly in developing countries. In this paper, we employed two distinct analytical methods to evaluate the stock status of Prochilodus nigricans Spix et Agassiz, 1829, the most important fish in the Amazonian freshwater landings. In this study, we intended to test the sustainability of small-scale fisheries comparing two different methods. Materials and methods. The population dynamic of P. nigricans was studied using length and weight data for fish caught in Manacapuru Lake and the lower stretch of the Solimões River. Estimates of maximum sustainable yield and corresponding fishing mortality for 2012 and 2013, using Beverton–Holt curve, indicated an overfishing status for both years. At the same region, fishers were interviewed and their knowledge on the P. nigricans stock status was assessed using a stock assessment methodology based on fishers’ knowledge, known as ParFish. Results. Both yield per recruit curves employed to assess the stock status of P. nigricans in 2012 and 2013 and ParFish approach indicate an overfishing status, but ParFish also found a high uncertainty level around 47%. Conclusion. The use of ParFish algorithm and traditional knowledge can provide qualitatively similar results to conventional models, such as the Beverton–Holt approach. The ParFish approach shows the advantage including confidence intervals to its estimates.
inland fisheries, maximum sustainable yield, overfishing, small-scale fisheries, ParFish